Browse Category: Продвинутый уровень

animosity

|ˌanɪˈmɒsɪti|

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Слово Дня - animosity - враждебность, вражда, злоба

Description

Strong hostility.

Examples

‘he no longer felt any animosity toward her’
‘the animosity between the king and his brother’
‘the five decided to put aside their animosities’
‘She said she bore no animosity towards her stepson Gordon for what had happened.’
‘Yet in spite of this long animosity, Confucianism and Buddhism unite in refusing to take positive law very seriously.’
‘But there is pressure for him to step aside now to clear the air of animosity that hangs over the agency.’

Translation

враждебность, вражда, злоба

fortuitous

|fɔːˈtjuːɪtəs|

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Слово Дня - fortuitous - случайный, удачный

Description

Happening by accident or chance rather than design.; Happening by a lucky chance; fortunate.

Examples

‘the similarity between the paintings may not be simply fortuitous’
‘from a cash standpoint, the company’s timing is fortuitous’
‘Much of the success of the text is by design, other aspects are by fortuitous accident.’
‘The loft above the work space was a fortuitous accident that happened during construction.’
‘The goal was the key score, and a rather fortuitous one.’
‘Violence itself becomes a means of reassurance, a fortuitous opportunity through which the strength of re-enforced steel is tested.’

Translation

случайный, удачный

imperturbable

|ˌɪmpəˈtəːbəb(ə)l|

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Слово Дня - imperturbable - невозмутимый, спокойный

Description

Unable to be upset or excited; calm.

Examples

‘an imperturbable tranquility’
‘The prosecutors liked me because my professional experience as a media researcher had steeled me against public abuse and made me imperturbable under cross examination.’
‘Despite the exclamation mark, he talks in the flat, imperturbable vowels of Sussex, his voice rising not so much in volume as in exasperation.’
‘I had various curious cases against him at the Bar — hard and evenly fought battles — in which he was imperturbable.’
‘The fax was pouring out messages, the telephone had barely stopped and the loyal secretary was still at her station in the office, cool and imperturbable as ever.’
‘This ice has a character different from the clear, unblemished ice, as if all the hardship of those periods congealed to create a solid, imperturbable substance.’

Translation

невозмутимый, спокойный

beneficiary

|bɛnɪˈfɪʃ(ə)ri|

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Слово Дня - beneficiary - глава церковного прихода, феодальный вассал

Description

A person who derives advantage from something, especially a trust, will, or life insurance policy.

Examples

‘He denied that he was connected with the trust or that he was a beneficiary of it.’
‘In the long term the newspaper itself is the beneficiary of a policy of free access.’
‘One beneficiary of the trust was Niels Bohr, the Danish atomic physicist who went on to win the Nobel prize.’
‘Every human being is the beneficiary of this trust, and is equally entitled to its use.’
‘The reformists treat the working class as passive beneficiaries of their policies.’
‘I am satisfied that the intended beneficiary did not receive the funds.’

Translation

глава церковного прихода, феодальный вассал; тот, кто пользуется благодеяниями

occlude

|əˈkluːd|

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Слово Дня - occlude - закрывать, закупоривать, смыкаться, преграждать

Description

Stop, close up, or obstruct (an opening, orifice, or passage); Shut (something) in.; Cover (an eye) to prevent its use.; (of a tooth) close on or come into contact with another tooth in the opposite jaw.; (of a solid) absorb and retain (a gas or impurity).

Examples

‘thick makeup can occlude the pores’
‘Furthermore, this stent can be implanted without occluding the side bronchus.’
‘All this is jam-packed into your sinuses and other nasal structures, occluding your airway completely.’
‘Devices for occluding the urethra include urethral plugs and, more recently, expandable urethral devices.’
‘After acquiring Doppler sounds at the palmar arch, the RNFA occludes the radial artery flow.’
‘Fibroid embolisation — both uterine arteries are occluded using a transfemoral approach.’

Translation

закрывать, закупоривать, смыкаться, преграждать

obdurate

|ˈɒbdjʊrət|

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Слово Дня - obdurate - упрямый, закоснелый, черствый, ожесточенный

Description

refusing to do what other people want; not willing to change your opinion or the way you do something

Examples

  • The child’s misery would move even the most obdurate heart.
  • They argued, but he remained obdurate.
  • He is known for his obdurate determination.
  • …the obdurate refusal of the crotchety old man to let the neighborhood kids retrieve their stray ball from his backyard..

 

Translation

упрямый, закоснелый, черствый, ожесточенный

querulous

|ˈkwɛrʊləs|

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Слово Дня - querulous - ворчливый, недовольный, постоянно недовольный, брюзгливый

Description

complaining in an annoyed way

Examples

  • He was naturally querulous and jaundiced in his views.
  • There’ll be no rest for me with this querulous adolescent.
  • ‘But why can’t I go?’ he said in a querulous voice.

 

Translation

ворчливый, недовольный, постоянно недовольный, брюзгливый

aberrant

|əˈbɛr(ə)nt|

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Слово Дня - aberrant - отклоняющийся, отклоняющийся от нормы, заблуждающийся, отклонившийся

Description

different from the usual or natural type; unusual or abnormal

Examples

  • The frequency of aberrant metaphases in the controls ranged from 0 to 1.9%.
  • Cells containing any of these types of chromosomal alterations were considered aberrant cells.
  • At later periods, extremely aberrant metaphases predominated.
  • We have noticed that multiple clones carried an aberrant chromosome III that was indistinguishable by size.

 

Translation

  • отклоняющийся, отклоняющийся от нормы, заблуждающийся, отклонившийся

sporadic

|spəˈradɪk|

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Слово Дня - sporadic - спорадический, единичный, случайный, нерегулярный

Description

happening often but not regularly; not constant or steady

Examples

  • a city subjected to sporadic bombing raids — город, который время от времени подвергается бомбардировкам
  • Sporadic cases of the disease were reported.  — Сообщалось о единичных случаях данного заболевания.
  • Until then, her art had been experimental, uneven, sporadic.
  • This neighborhood is plagued by constant deterioration because of absentee landlords, lack of income to repair homes, few employment opportunities, crime, sporadic city services, and so on.
  • It all adds up to a very uneven, sporadic film experience.
  • She occasionally breaks out a trumpet for some sporadic, appropriate bursts.

Translation

  • спорадический, единичный, случайный, нерегулярный

ringleader

|ˈrɪŋliːdə|

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Слово Дня - ringleader - главарь, зачинщик, заводила, коновод, вожак

Description

the leader of a group that causes trouble or is involved in an illegal activity. A person who initiates or leads an illicit or illegal activity.

Examples

  • Twenty-five prisoners, thought to be the ringleaders of a hunger strike caused by appalling food, were confined to a punitive boiler room whose temperature could go up to 200 degrees.
  • The alleged ringleader of a gang of Internet copyright pirates was back in jail last night after US authorities won the latest round in their battle to extradite him from Australia on multi-million dollar software piracy charges.
  • And the music industry is about to crack down on the biggest file-sharing ringleaders.
  • The ringleaders, who have already been through an eight and a half month trial, now face further court action to confiscate some of the millions that they are believed to have made.

 

Translation

  • главарь, зачинщик, заводила, коновод, вожак