Abusive or scurrilous language; swearing. Now historical.; The characteristic behaviour or manner of a blackguard; ruffianism.
подлое поведение, брань, сквернословие
Unwilling or refusing to change one’s views or to agree about something.; An intransigent person.
‘They have at times had to withstand considerable provocation from intransigent bigots on the extreme wing of unionism.’
‘Where management has been intransigent or arrogant, he has let his views be known to fellow investors or made certain that they have been aired in the financial press.’
‘Although the tax cut helped ignite a boom on Wall Street, it didn’t do much to change the tune of the city’s intransigent legislators.’
‘‘We put a number of scenarios to them to try and get something in the package for everybody but they were very intransigent, they refused to move,’ he said.’
‘Lake Ontario Waterkeeper’s approach is unique in that it avoids that often intransigent debate altogether, maintaining that it’s up to the city to find cleanup solutions.’
‘To many of his compatriots, this intransigent defender of French grandeur saved the honor of the nation during World War II and restored its institutions and status.’
непримиримый, непреклонный, непримиримый республиканец
Render (something) poorer in quality by adding another substance, typically an inferior one.
‘the meat was ground fine and adulterated with potato flour’
‘The significant feature is that it is still the natural derivative of the plant, and, save exceptionally, it is not adulterated by the addition of any further substances.’
‘The rice stored in their school for the noon meal scheme was found to be adulterated with fine iron particles, urea, bits of mortar and what not.’
‘In Europe in the middle ages, even butter and bread were often adulterated, a practice by which inferior or even dangerous materials were added to the ingredient list.’
‘The authorities, especially, the health department, should take stringent action against those who are adulterating food.’
‘It is supposed to be extra pure, but some believe that it is often adulterated with much cheaper, commercial, hexane, which is not pure and contains various hazardous substances such as the toxic benzene.’
фальсифицировать, подмешивать, фальсифицированный, внебрачный
Concerned with beauty or the appreciation of beauty.; Giving or designed to give pleasure through beauty; of pleasing appearance.; A set of principles underlying and guiding the work of a particular artist or artistic movement.
‘the pictures give great aesthetic pleasure’
‘We should strive to appreciate the aesthetic value of our names.’
‘Does knowing this information contribute to an esthetic appreciation of the photograph?’
‘As for esthetic value, I would bet on the architect whose project reflects enduring human values in architecture.’
‘In this period, they occupied very much the center of aesthetic appreciation and social value.’
‘Kashmir’s contribution to the Indian thought has been of immense artistic, esoteric and aesthetic value.’
‘The two married an industrial ethic to a modernist aesthetic, capturing an entire ethos in a single seat.’
‘Modern artists like Kirchner explored the rough, expressive aesthetic of woodcut.’
‘Here, the casually irreverent esthetic of a young artist was linked with literary notions of exploration and mortality.’
‘Digital art has myriad complexities that make it all the more difficult to define a new esthetic.’
‘Thereby they imply that the sculpture is steeped in the same aesthetic as that behind our legacy of San rock paintings.’
‘Although he has a pictorial esthetic, the pictures are completely isolated by their size alone.’
(of an action or gesture) carried out with a minimum of effort or reflection.
‘he gave a perfunctory nod’
‘We have sat through a showcase of set speeches by shadow ministers, but only perfunctory contributions have been allowed from the floor.’
‘His comments on these developments were rather brief and perfunctory.’
‘His hands are very soft but quite puffy too, and his shake is straight from the school of perfunctory political politeness.’
‘After a perfunctory search, the soldiers found nothing suspicious in his vehicle and the incident was written off as a tragic accident.’
‘It seems likely that this interest was never more than passive or perfunctory.’
поверхностный, небрежный, формальный, невнимательный
Able to adapt or be adapted to many different functions or activities.; Changeable; inconstant.
‘a versatile sewing machine’
‘he was versatile enough to play either position’
‘His musical instrument is versatile enough for most melodies.’
‘There are accessories and battery options available to make them even more versatile.’
‘‘They’re versatile, they’re tasty and they’re good for you,’ she said.’
‘Despite large scale poaching, the versatile cat adapts well to a changing environment, as can be seen in its growing population.’
разносторонний, гибкий, многосторонний, многогранный, подвижный, изменчивый
A plan or scheme, especially one used to outwit an opponent or achieve an end.; Skill in devising plans or schemes; cunning.
‘a series of devious stratagems’
‘By current standards, Eve is old-fashioned, her wiles and stratagems strictly based on aligning herself with men for their power rather than tapping into her own.’
‘Then, Humphreys summarized the various stratagems with which Shajara and Fakhr al-Din hid Aiyub’s death from outsiders.’
‘Fighting experience taught Soviet commanders a lot: they learned how to use stratagems and achieve surprise.’
‘But they should be asking government to introduce new stratagems to cope with the inevitable ‘peaking out ‘of new housing output.’’
‘There are conventions and stratagems for achieving the effect, and these are used as necessary.’
хитрость, уловка, военная хитрость
Subject to chance.; (of losses, liabilities, etc.) that can be anticipated to arise if a particular event occurs.; True by virtue of the way things in fact are and not by logical necessity.; Occurring or existing only if (certain circumstances) are the case; dependent on.; A group of people united by some common feature, forming part of a larger group.; A body of troops or police sent to join a larger force in an operation.
‘the contingent nature of the job’
‘That the emotions have a history implies that subjects are historically contingent and open to the possibility that they are hence culturally determined.’
‘As a rule, Leibniz emphasized the certainty of his metaphysical principles rather than the contingent nature of empirical knowledge.’
‘Unfortunately, little comment on the subject in political debate deals with these contingent matters.’
‘Such exploration calls for a theory of the subject as a contingent psychocultural construct implicated in the visual sign.’
‘The subject is a historically contingent effect, but to see ourselves as purely victims of historical and spatial imperatives is to limit our understanding of what it is to be human.’
контингент, случай, условный, случайный, возможный
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Consign or dismiss to an inferior rank or position.
‘they aim to prevent women from being relegated to a secondary role’
‘The music, his real career, was relegated to after-hours and vacations.’
‘As the present academic system is totally different, the importance of good handwriting has been relegated to the background.’
‘She would be relegated to the ranks of his subordinates once more.’
‘I also saw that men were relegated to supporting the status quo even at their own expense if they choose to accept it.’
‘As a result, even a three-year-old boy becomes the legal chief of the family and his mother is relegated to an inferior social status.’
относить, низводить, передавать, отсылать, ссылать, направлять, классифицировать
Denoting a period of time in the past that was idyllically happy and peaceful.; A tropical Asian and African kingfisher with brightly colored plumage.; A mythical bird said by ancient writers to breed in a nest floating at sea at the winter solstice, charming the wind and waves into calm.
‘the halcyon days of the mid-1980s, when profits were soaring’
‘Changed days indeed and undoubtedly for the better, but I wonder if we’re still being dragged down by romantic memories of the halcyon days of the past when it comes to assessing today’s top horses.’
‘At first merely uninteresting, the ploy eventually descends into slapstick comedy, undermining the prevailing halcyon tone of the work.’
‘In the 1930s, which was Motherwell’s halcyon period, the team would have consisted almost entirely of local lads.’
‘Mrs. E.’s kindergarten met in various buildings during those halcyon years before the drudgery of first grade claimed me.’
‘The easy money of the region’s halcyon days is gone.’
безмятежный, тихий, зимородок