solvent

|ˈsɒlv(ə)nt|

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Слово Дня - solvent - растворитель, растворяющее вещество, платежеспособный, растворяющий

Description

Having assets in excess of liabilities; able to pay one’s debts.; Able to dissolve other substances.; The liquid in which a solute is dissolved to form a solution.; A liquid, typically one other than water, used for dissolving other substances.; Something that acts to weaken or dispel a particular attitude or situation.

Examples

‘interest rate rises have very severe effects on normally solvent companies’
‘The issue for the government to decide is whether the KCA is a solvent organisation.’
‘If Neill’s mum is already a member of a good quality occupational scheme which has the backing of a stable and solvent employer that might be her best option.’
‘On the one hand, it is ultimately answerable to the ruling body of the Central Bank, whose overriding goal is to maintain a stable and solvent financial system.’
‘Therefore, credit spreads tend to zero for the short-term debt of a solvent firm.’
‘These are envisaged so that consumers can be more confident in the knowledge that they are dealing with financially solvent companies.’
‘Next, you fill the jar with solvent and water, put the lid on and shake side to side.’
‘TalstarOne multi-insecticide has no odorous or plant-damaging solvents because its formulation is water based and contains no alpha-cyano group.’

Translation

растворитель, растворяющее вещество, растворяющий

withdraw

|wɪðˈdrɔː|

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Слово Дня - withdraw - изымать, отзывать, уходить, забирать, увести, удаляться, отводить, ретироваться

Examples

  • to withdraw a bid — отозвать заявку
  • to withdraw one’s candidacy — снимать свою кандидатуру
  • to withdraw capital — изымать капитал
  • to drop / retract / withdraw a charge — отказываться от обвинения
  • to repudiate / retract / take back / withdraw a confession — отказываться от признания, брать свои слова обратно
  • to withdraw a franchise — лишать франшизы
  • to cut off / withdraw aid — отказаться от предложенной помощи
  • to drop / retract / withdraw an allegation — брать свои слова обратно
  • to withdraw one’s savings (from a bank) — снимать деньги (со счёта в банке)
  • withdraw from an account — снять со счета

 

Translation

— изымать, отзывать, уходить, забирать, увести, удаляться, отводить, ретироваться

guest

|ɡest|

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Описание: гость, постоялец, паразит, гостить, гостевой

Слово Дня - guest - гость, постоялец, паразит, гостить, гостевой

Примеры

  • the guest conductor — приглашённый дирижёр
  • invited guest — званый гость
  • unexpected guest — нежданный гость
  • unwelcome guest — незваный гость
  • wedding guest — гость на свадьбе
  • weekend guest — гость, приехавший на выходные
  • guest of honour — почетный гость
  • regular guest — постоянный клиент
  • lady guest — гостья
  • guest artist — гастролирующий артист; приглашённый артист

 

abrasive

|əˈbreɪsɪv|

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Слово Дня - abrasive - абразивный, резкий, шлифующий, грубый, абразив, абразивный материал, наждак

Description

(of a substance or material) capable of polishing or cleaning a hard surface by rubbing or grinding.; Tending to rub or graze the skin.; (of a person or manner) showing little concern for the feelings of others; harsh.; A substance used for grinding, polishing, or cleaning a hard surface.

Examples

  • ‘Brass and aluminum are the least expensive, but the metal is soft and wears quickly when abrasive materials like wettable powders are used.’
  • ‘Grass is a very tough and abrasive material, and herbivores like horses evolved very high-crowned teeth to cope with the wear.’
  • ‘Do not expose your jewelry to chemicals or cleaning products, avoid contact with hair products, abrasive soaps, seawater and even tap water.’
  • ‘Additionally, chomping on naturally abrasive foods massages gums and cleans between teeth.’
  • ‘The process to make up a set of carbon arrows is much the same as for aluminium arrows except that the arrow shafts should only be cleaned with an abrasive cleaner, rinsed and let dry.’
  • ‘Use a non abrasive cleaner to clean the surface followed by rubbing alcohol, which will remove any residue.’
  • ‘He denies nothing of his abrasive personality.’
  • ‘She’s pushy, arrogant, obnoxious, unbelievably abrasive, and not nearly as cute as she thinks she is.’

Translation

резкий, шлифующий, грубый, абразив, абразивный материал, наждак

whistle

|ˈwɪsl|

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Слово Дня - whistle - свисток, свист, горло, гортань, глотка, свистеть, насвистывать, посвистывать

Examples

  • to dance to smb.’s tune / whistle / piping — плясать под чью-л. дудку
  • to whistle a song — насвистывать мелодию
  • to blow (on) a whistle — свистеть в свисток
  • to blow the whistle on smth. — положить конец чему-л.
  • it’s about time someone blew the whistle on his dishonest practices — пора прекратить его бесчестные махинации
  • factory whistle — заводской гудок
  • police whistle — полицейский свисток
  • blast of steam whistle — звук парового свистка
  • wet whistle — промочить горло; выпить
  • clean as a whistle — очень ловко; совершенно; начисто

 

Translation

— свисток, свист, горло, гортань, глотка, свистеть, насвистывать, посвистывать

midnight

|ˈmɪdnaɪt|

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Описание: полночь, непроглядная тьма, полуночный

Слово Дня - midnight - полночь, непроглядная тьма, полуночный

Примеры

  • long after midnight — далеко за полночь
  • as black / dark as midnight — очень тёмный
  • midnight blue — тёмно-синий цвет
  • midnight black — очень тёмный оттенок чёрного цвета
  • midnight sun — полуночное, незаходящее солнце в полярных областях
  • midnight matinée — ночное представление
  • midnight shift — третья смена
  • to sit into midnight — прозаседать до полуночи
  • this side of midnight — до полуночи
  • as black as midnight — очень тёмный

 

camp

|kæmp|

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Описание: лагерь, стан, табор, привал, лагерный, располагаться лагерем

Слово Дня - camp - лагерь, стан, табор, привал, лагерный, располагаться лагерем

Примеры

  • labour / work camp — исправительно-трудовой лагерь
  • to make / pitch / set up a camp — разбить лагерь, расположиться лагерем
  • as camp as a row of tents — чрезмерно выпячивающий свою гомосексуальность
  • incarceration in a camp — лишение свободы
  • to serve time in a camp — отбывать срок в лагере
  • camp / folding chair — складной стул
  • mining camp — шахта, рудник
  • to make a raid upon the enemy’s camp — совершить набег на лагерь противника
  • camp-on busy — постановка вызова на ожидание при занятости
  • camp-on-busy — задержка из-за занятости номера

 

discretion

|dɪˈskreʃn|

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Слово Дня - discretion - усмотрение, осмотрительность, благоразумие, осторожность, свобода действий

Examples

  • procurement discretion — свобода выбора поставщика
  • complete / full / wide discretion — полная свобода действий
  • at smb.’s discretion — на чьё-л. усмотрение
  • at customer’s discretion — на усмотрение заказчика
  • to use one’s discretion — действовать по собственному усмотрению
  • to leave smth. to the discretion of smb. — оставлять что-л. на усмотрение кого-л.
  • to acquire discretion — стать дееспособным
  • abuse of discretion — злоупотребление правом на рассмотрение, произвол
  • abuse of judicial discretion — злоупотребление правом на судейское усмотрение
  • at his discretion — по его усмотрению

 

Translation

— усмотрение, осмотрительность, благоразумие, осторожность, свобода действий

minuscule

|ˈmɪnəskjuːl|

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Слово Дня - minuscule - минускул, очень маленький, минускульный

Description

Extremely small; tiny.; So small as to be negligible or insufficient.; Of or in lowercase letters, as distinct from capitals or uncials.; Of or in a small cursive script of the Roman alphabet, with ascenders and descenders, developed in the 7th century AD.; Minuscule script.; A small or lowercase letter.

Examples

‘a minuscule fragment of DNA’
‘Some snakes, such as pythons, retain tiny leg bones, which may be visible as minuscule claws at the base of the tail.’
‘We see the same hypocrisy when the U.S. military, after dislocating millions of people from their means of sustenance by threatening war, drops a minuscule amount of food packets onto ground riddled with landmines.’
‘The minuscule creatures toil endlessly completely unaware that they are being watched and that, with a simple tap on the glass by the giant undetected observer, what would amount to half a life time’s work for an ant could be destroyed.’
‘Mike Griffin, owner of Honey Martin’s on Sherbrooke W., went through a five-year battle to keep music alive at his minuscule bar (which is large enough for a musician or two).’
‘But he acknowledged global deaths from climate change were minuscule compared with the total number of deaths a year, which the WHO puts at 56 million.’
‘From the late 8th century onwards a new script, Caroline minuscule, swept throughout Europe along with the Carolingian Empire.’
‘The Caroline minuscule, however, had a relatively weak impact on the writing habits of Italian notaries, who remained faithful to the cursive style.’
‘Not one of them is written in the type of small, utilitarian script, called current minuscule, which was the common form of handwriting used in liturgical handbooks and schoolbooks in the seventh and eighth centuries.’
‘As in Rome, this development ended with graffiti that used script in an unstructured and disorganized way, in which ‘aristocratic’ scripts stood side by side with uncials or minuscules of various derivations.’
‘A process of turning the old unspaced capital scripts into minuscule began and much of the mathematical writing which have survived have done so because they were copied into this new format.’
‘The written and printed form of English has two interlocking systems of letters: large letters, known variously as capitals, upper-case letters, majuscules, and small letters, or lower-case letters, minuscules.’
‘Working on maps and charts provided testing requirements, both for large and decorative majuscules in the titles, and for tiny minuscules for the names of towns, of which there could be as many as 500 in one county.’

Translation

минускул, очень маленький, минускульный

starlit

|ˈstɑːlɪt|

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Слово Дня - starlit - звездный, освещенный светом звезд

Description

Lit or made brighter by stars.

Examples

‘a clear starlit night’
‘With no street lights or industry, it offers unparalleled views of starlit skies.’
‘She then gazed upwards into the starlit night sky that blanketed the heavens above.’
‘While we would often associate Beale Strand with leisurely walks at this time of the year, now as the night draws in on a starlit night you are likely to see people out with their telescopes exploring the sky.’
‘The couple were camped outside on a beautiful starlit night.’
‘For example, if you want a romantic starlit night sky to be part of your wedding, rent a tent with a translucent ceiling.’

Translation

звездный, освещенный светом звезд